Juvenile delinquents

From Social Collaborative Singapore
Jump to: navigation, search

Definitions and Scope

Target Population: Family

Client Segments

Youth Offenders: -Boys Hostel (12-21 male probationers) -Community Rehab Centre (16-21 first time drug abusers)

Youths in Street Gangs

Drug users

-Close to two-thirds of all new abusers arrested in 2016 were under the age of 30. (Min Desmond Lee speech at SANA 24 Mar 2017)

Beyond Parental Control

Beyond parental control or BPC refers to a child or young person who is below the age of 16 years who may be in persistent conflict with his/her parent/s and school or other authorities and who may be displaying at risk behaviours. Usually, there is a breakdown in the relationship and communication between the child/young person and his/her parent/s. It may result in the inability of the parent/s to exercise care and control over the child/young person. In these circumstances, the parent/s can apply to the Youth Court for a BPC order.[1]

[Knowledge gap: Do youths from affluent families engage in other types of crimes? eg cyber crimes]

Size of the Problem

Desired impact for target group

[If we have no conception of what counts as a ‘good death’, ‘social inclusion’, ‘engaged youth’ , then it would not be possible to determine whether our policies and services are performing well]

Needs of [troubled youths]

Need for guidance and rehabilitation

[Needs should not be identified in term of its specific solutions—eg youths need mentoring, seniors need hospice care, people with disabilities need day care (these are specific solutions we can be in the next column)—Instead, they should be defined in more ‘perennial terms’ because the solutions can change but the needs remain; I don’t need a CD player, or even an mp3 player, I need ‘portable music’ and currently the best solution seems to be Spotify]

[Also indicate the size of this specific need & projected demand were data is available]

Existing Resources

[e.g. existing services or programmes both private or public; relevant policies and legislation]

Gaps and Their Causes

[Some gaps could be due to 1) capacity of solution to meet size & projected demand, 2) quality of solution (effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability, scalability etc.), 3) accessibility (geographical, cost to client)]

Possible Solutions

[Based on the specific gaps and reasons for those gaps, what might be solutions that can help? Insert existing but untapped resources, or new ideas that have not been considered yet]

Need to avoid underage drinking

Rehab approach for the offenders will be similar...eg strengthen family support. Work with MSF for targeted counseling. Eg male drug abusers go though matrix program...look at triggers of using drugs. Work closely with MHA and MSF. Because there is case management, no need for segmentation. Go through similar program in the institution. use restorative practices. standardized programmes and customised (Trybe's inputs) Underage drinking can cause someone to get addicted and have poor school performances and fractured relationships with family and friends. Also, if they were caught, they could be sent to reformative training and a bad record would be stuck to them, making it hard for them to find jobs and get employed. Apart from that, could affect their development and growth. It can cause changes in their body, including rapid hormonal alterations and formation of new networks in the brain. This would then lead to engage in activities or trying new experiences that emphasizes on socializing with people. Adding on, it could cause them to develop deviant behaviours and violent behaviours and invoke expressions that make them easily feel depressed or angry. This would then cause them to do deviant acts to let go of their rage. Also, underage drinking would cause them to get addicted and sometimes take away their life, example, when they face depression, sadness or anger, they would take to drinking to help them "release" or "cover up" that feeling or emotions andthis would cause them to hallucinate and take drastic actions. Existing Resources http://www.tnp.sg/news/singapore-news/young-and-binge-drinking-spore http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/social-workers-sound-alert-on-new-generation-of-young-drinkers http://www.straitstimes.com/opinion/keeping-an-eye-on-underage-drinking

Gaps and Their Causes The reasons for them to engage in drinking maybe because of lack of family interaction and bond. Family members are not that nurturing and they might not be a pillar of support for these adolescents and they tend to feel left out and they seek to drinking to release that part of them. Also, it might be because of conforming to social nroms and trying hard to fit in to the society's definition of being "cool". This insecurity could be one of the reasons why teenagers/adolescents look into underage drinking. Possible Solutions Social workers should work together to help these adolescents. Counsellors in schools should help them and advice them on emotional development

Need to avoid Drug Abuse

Existing Resources

MSF's Streetwise Programme and Enhanced Streetwise Programme

Gaps and Their Causes -It might be caused by peer pressure -It has become easy for anyone to order items on the Internet and have them delivered by post or courier. Drug syndicates and peddlers have taken advantage of the borderless nature of the Internet to conduct illegal drug activities. -Preventive drug education continues to be a key focus of CNB’s strategy. We organised large-scale events such as “DanceWorks!’ and the Anti-Drug Abuse Campaign to spread the anti-drug message to students and the general public.

Possible Solutions

Need for [ insert description ]

Existing Resources

Gaps and Their Causes

Possible Solutions

Need for [ insert description ]

Existing Resources

Gaps and Their Causes

Possible Solutions

Resource Directory

[Youth Guidance Outreach Service]