Mental health

From Social Collaborative Singapore
Jump to: navigation, search

According to World Health Organisation (WHO), mental illness is generally characterised by some combination of abnormal thoughts, emotions, behaviour and relationships with others. [1]

Different categories, according to Silver Ribbon (Singapore). These include substance-related disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, sleep disorder, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, etc. [2]

Singapore initiated it's first ever National Mental Health Blueprint and Policy in 2007. The blueprint proposed a population-based public-health model, focusing on epidemiologic surveillance of the health of the population, on health promotion, and access to and evaluation of community-based services.

From the National Mental Health Study 2011, it was found that 12% of the residential population (approximately 308 400 people) have a mental illness. "According to the latest mental health study, one in ten people in Singapore will be stricken by mental illness in their lifetime, and many are likely to face depression - the most common mental illness here."[3]

Landmark Reports/Studies

Singapore Mental Health Study (SMHS)[4]:

-aims to conduct a population-based survey to establish the prevalence of mental health disorders in the adult Singapore resident population including the elderly.

-aims to assess the spectrum of different types of mental illness across gender, ethnicity and age

-develop and validate a culturally valid instrument for assessing positive mental health and subsequently establish the level of positive mental health in the Singapore population

-describe the current level use of mental health services and the level of unmet need

-identify facilitators and barriers to mental health treatment

-evaluate the financial, personal, social costs associated with mental illness


Legislation

Mental Health (Care and Treatment) Act: to provide for the admission, detention, care and treatment of mentally disordered persons in designated psychiatric institutions

Ecosystem

Interventions

Service Providers

Support Groups

Other support groups

Caregiver support groups?


Public Education and Outreach

Information and other resources

Institute of Mental Health

SAMH

Silver ribbon

AA - Alcoholics Anonymous

NA - Narcotics Anonymous

Other Traditional services/treatments:

Client Segments

Page to Youth with mental health issues


Areas of concern, Needs and Gaps

Screening, Detection and Diagnosis

Need for preventive measures against mental health problems

Existing Services and Communal Resources

SRS

Club Heal

HPB Working Minds Curriculum

Treasure your Mind

Adequacy in meeting need

Not many HR departments in companies are aware of how to deal with people wiht mental illness, be it developed in the course of employment or before employment.

Cause of Gap

Not enough awareness and knowledge of the different mental illnesses

Mental illness might still be considered a taboo.

Potential Solutions

Educate HR departments and develop resource toolkits

Need for early recognition and screening

Existing Services and Communal Resources

HPB

Silver Ribbon

Grassroots

Adequacy in meeting need

Not many HR departments in companies are aware of how to deal with people with mental illness

Cause of Gap

There might not be enough awareness/knowledge of the different mental illnesses

Mental illness might still be a taboo

Potential Solutions

Educate and create resource toolkits


Public Awareness, Information and Referral

Need for public awareness and acceptance of people with mental illness

Existing Services and Communal Resources

HPB

Silver Ribbon

Club HEAL

Publications: Mental Health Issues - Handbook for Employers and Employees (by SRS)

Adequacy in meeting need

Public awareness campaigns so far are about general mental wellness and mental health conditions. There are not many campaigns that are employment related.

Cause of Gap

Stigma of mental illness needs to be first broken down.

Potential Solutions

Need for clients to have adequate information about how to manage their condition and support available.

Existing Services and Communal Resources

Adequacy in meeting need

IMH psychiatrists do not communicate to patients abojut their diagnosis and how to manage their conditions.

Family members may not reveal condition

Many PMIs lack insight about their conditions/don't know where to seek help

Not many HR departments in companies are aware of how to deal with people with mental illness

Info gap: check whether medical social workers supposed to do this at IMH. Are all cases referred to the MSW?

Cause of Gap

IMH psychiatrists do not have time to share more about the diagnosis.

Family members want to cushion the impact on PMI.

Potential Solutions

Point of diagnosis is where information is most crucial for patient and caregivers.

Educate HR departments and create resource toolkits

Treatment and Interventions

Need for timely access to medical intervention

Existing Services and Communal Resources

IMH

Private pyschiatrists

SRS

SACS CRSS

SAMH

Grassroots

HPB

Adequacy in meeting need

NMHS 2011: There are currently wide treatment gaps worldwide. Average treatment delay for mental illness is about 8 years.

Consequence: condition worsens, create stress for community, caregiver stress, other dysfunctions in life. Negative economic impact and high healthcare costs.

Cause of Gap

Many do not seek professional help due to finances, lack of insurance coverage, fear of discrimination and stigma. (Singapore Mental Health Study 2011)

Potential Solutions


Need for self-sustainable management of their conditions.

Existing Services and Communal Resources

Private psychiatrists

private counsellors/psychologists

SRS

SACS CRSS

SACS HCC

SACS SCC

SAMH

Club HEAL

FSCs/Counselling Centres

Clarity

HPB Mental Welness Webpage


Adequacy in meeting need

Cause of Gap

Potential Solutions


Employment

Employment can be both a cause and consequence of mental health problems. From a monetary aspect, the lack of income will ultimately have an impact on daily living. Psychologically, unemployment can lead to one feeling lose in social status, resulting in low self-esteem.

Need for sustained employment as a means to financial independence.

Existing Services and Communal Resources

Open Door Fund (for PWDs only)

SEC-WIS (extended to PWDS only)

Adequacy in meeting need

Many companies are still not open to hire PMIs: -Culture of flexible work arrangements not present? -Inability to get internships and foot through the door?

Relapses in condition might make it hard for sustenance at jobs.

Cause of Gap

Reluctant to hire due to perceived inability to perform

Not aware of how to accommodate PMIs?

Inflexibility in job, especially during 'low' moments in PMIs.

Neglect of management of condition by employees


Potential Solutions

Informal economy to reduce reliance on formal economy? (e.g. TaskRabbit)

Constultancy/training/funds to help companies on accommodation/internship projects for the hire of PMIs

People with mental illnesses to be taught the importance of management of condition (though medication and lifestyle) in order to maintain jobs.

To introduce short term sheltered employment models to recovering PMIs who might not be able to take the full extent of open employment?


Need to be job ready through basic education and specific vocational skills.

Existing Services and Communal Resources

Adequacy in meeting need

Cause of Gap

Potential Solutions


Need for employers to be open to hiring people with mental illnesses.

Existing Services and Communal Resources

Adequacy in meeting need

Cause of Gap

Potential Solutions


Need for fit between abilities and needs of the job seeker and employer requirements.

Existing Services and Communal Resources

Adequacy in meeting need

Cause of Gap

Potential Solutions


Need for flexible workplace accommodations and naturalised support

Existing Services and Communal Resources

Adequacy in meeting need

Cause of Gap

Potential Solutions


Client system support

Need for enlightened caregivers to support people with mental illness to go back to the workforce

Existing Services and Communal Resources

Adequacy in meeting need

Cause of Gap

Potential Solutions

Sources