Difference between revisions of "Disability/Landscape of Needs and Gaps"

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<big>'''What this is:''' This is a sub-page of the [[Disability]] issue page dedicated to the ongoing understanding of needs and gaps in the disability sector. Disability comes in many types and forms, and this is a broad overview of those issues.</big>   
 
  
<big>'''Aims:''' To democratise knowledge production with the belief that everyone can play a part in better understanding, and contributing to improving the disability landscape in Singapore. To improve awareness about the disability landscape in general, ongoing initiatives to meet gaps, and to spur collaborations between partners.</big>
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=== '''<big>WHAT IS THIS</big>''' ===
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<big>This is a sub-page of the [[Disability]] landing page dedicated specifically to mapping out the range of diverse needs and related service / policy gaps of the disability sector.</big>    
  
<big>'''Method:''' Through scanning existing literature (reports, research, news articles) as well as discussions, [[Disability Community Network|roundtable discussions with disability sector stakeholders]] and through open collaboration with disabled persons, caregivers, organisations working with persons with disabilities and interested individuals:</big>
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<big>'''Aims:''' To democratise knowledge production so that everyone can contribute information, discuss key issues and expand knowledge about unmet needs and ideas on how to address them. We hope this collective contribution will result in a more comprehensive, robust, and up-to-date knowledge base; generate productive dialogue that respects the diversity of views; and spur collaborative solutions.</big>
* <big>Needs can be identified, articulated and revised</big>
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* <big>Resources can be mapped to those needs</big>
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<big>'''Approach:''' The Institute of Policy Studies began with a basic environmental scan and literature review of key reports, research and news articles to take stock of available information. We subsequently experimented with [[Civic Experiment & Wiki Challenge|wikithons]] to engage students and members of the public to populate the pages. [[Disability Community Network|Roundtable discussions with disability sector stakeholders]] were then organised so as to get feedback on whether the information collated was comprehensive or adequate, and more importantly, to deliberate on service and policy gaps--which are evaluative assessments that may not have easy consensus, and also depend on a sound understanding of what is causing those gaps. Disabled persons, caregivers, NGOs, policymakers and researchers participated in these sessions.</big>
* <big>Evaluations on how well resources fit needs can be performed (e.g., are they adequate or inadequate, are there enough/too many services?)</big>
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* <big>Ideas and solutions to fill gaps can be brainstormed and gathered</big>
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<big>The basic logic involves contributing to</big>:
<big>'''Who can contribute:''' Anyone, as long as you would like to help articulate what the gaps in the disability sector are (or at least, a lead) and can keep an open mind to changes in what you know.</big>
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# <big>'''Needs''': What are the broad categories and what are the specific needs that fall within them? How are these needs related to one another? (Needs Assessment)</big>
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# <big>'''Resources & Assets''': What existing services and resources are available to meet each of the specific needs identified? (Asset Mapping)</big>
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# <big>'''Gaps''': How adequately do existing services and resources meet those needs? Why do these gaps exist? (Gap Analysis)</big>
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# <big>'''Ideas & Solutions''': What specific solutions or ideas can address the causes of those gaps? (Ideation)</big>
 +
 
 +
=== '''<big>WHO CAN CONTRIBUTE</big>''' ===
 +
* <big>'''Anyone can contribute''', as long as you have something relevant to share, you can populate the wiki pages with factual or referenced information.</big> 
 +
* <big>'''This knowledge base has been consolidated by the collective efforts of a community of contributors.''' Unlike a formal report which is typically authored by one or a few experts, this knowledge base is the product of all who have an interest and stake in the issue, and take the trouble to contribute to it.</big> 
 +
* <big>'''As a result, information may be missing or messy and will constantly be refined.''' Think of these pages as work in progress and if you see something missing, do not be disappointed; you now have an opportunity to contribute to that knowledge gap.</big>   
 +
* <big>'''We also encourage you to participate in deliberating on more complex issues''' such as assessing gaps or studying what causes them.</big> <big>Deliberation is always ongoing and while some disputes about the information may be resolved, others are more contentious and may not find consensus soon, if at all.</big> <big>To do this, we</big> <big>should</big> <big>respect the diversity of views that are likely to come up, and be open mind to changing</big> <big>our</big> <big>own views in light of new information.</big>  
 
[[File:Arisa-chattasa-yrLnBqnsn84-unsplash.jpg|thumb|397x397px|Disability comes in many types, forms and degrees. This page presents a broad overview of those issues and is not intended to be overly specific.]]
 
[[File:Arisa-chattasa-yrLnBqnsn84-unsplash.jpg|thumb|397x397px|Disability comes in many types, forms and degrees. This page presents a broad overview of those issues and is not intended to be overly specific.]]
  
== '''HOW TO USE THIS PAGE PROPERLY''' ==
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== '''HOW TO CONTRIBUTE''' ==
# <big>'''Things will be messy and always be a work in progress.''' Deliberation is always ongoing and some issues might be more contentious, or resolved than others. Do not expect everything to be correct right from the start - everyone is in the process of getting things right. Theories of change shift depending on what where we are in terms of progress and what we want to be held accountable to.</big>
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# '''<big>We have structured the knowledge base in terms of an overall Disability Sector Theory of Change (TOC) because many issues have relationships to one another.</big>''' <big>A TOC helps articulate how different domains of intervention are supposed to add up to achieve a desired social outcome, giving an overview of the key 'strategic thrusts' that the sector as a whole can undertake.</big> <big>Hence, each issue can</big> <big>b</big><big>e</big> <big>e</big><big>xplored separately</big> <big>and specifically, but</big> <big>t</big><big>he TOC allows you to see</big> <big>how they are connected to other issues.</big> 
# '''<big>Although each issue is explored separately, all parts are in motion</big>'''<big>. Hence, each issue should be seen together/in tandem with others.</big>
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# '''<big>Navigate these pages by starting with the big picture, then zoom in to specific areas of interest.</big>''' <big>Starting from the Disability Sector TOC (see below), click on individual areas of interest and you will be brought a page about those specific facets.</big>   
# <big>'''This knowledge base is consolidated from a variety of sources - books, newspaper articles, reports but above all, people who have taken the trouble to contribute to it.''' Unlike a formal report which is authored by few authoritative people, this knowledge base is the product of all who take the trouble to contribute to it.</big>
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# <big>'''Once you enter a specific page, contribute relevant information.''' If something looks amiss, take action. You will need a user account to add/edit/delete information in the wiki pages. Please email Andrew (andrew.lim@nus.edu.sg) to get an account. You make the call on what information counts as credible and for what purpose. Any information that this wiki contains at any particular time is a work-in-progress. Especially with contentious matters, due diligence should be done to check the sources that are cited. Inputs that are not cited may not be wrong, and likely require deeper investigation or communication between different parties to clarify.</big>
# <big>'''Structure and organisation is needed even though the issue is complex.''' Disability, like most social issues, is complex with many intertwining and competing factors. Nevertheless, if we are to deal with the matters at hand, some level of structure and organisation is necessary. Starting from the big picture (see below), click on individual areas of interest and you will be guided to explore specific facets.</big>   
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# <big>'''Ask if you are not sure.''' Use the [http://wiki.socialcollab.sg/index.php?title=Talk:Disability/Landscape_of_Needs_and_Gaps&action=edit&redlink=1 Discussion] page here if you want to raise questions about the design and architecture of the pages. Or, feel free to email Andrew (andrew.lim@nus.edu.sg) or Justin (justin.lee@nus.edu.sg) with your feedback or comments.</big>  
# <big>'''You make the call on what information counts as credible and for what purpose.''' Any information that this wiki contains at any particular time is a work-in-progress. Especially with contentious matters, due diligence should be done to check the sources that are cited. Inputs that are not cited may not be wrong, and likely require deeper investigation or communication between different parties to clarify.</big>
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== '''DISABILITY SECTOR THEORY OF CHANGE''' ==
# <big>'''If a concern or issue is not represented, or if something looks amiss, take action.''' Use the [http://wiki.socialcollab.sg/index.php?title=Talk:Disability/Landscape_of_Needs_and_Gaps&action=edit&redlink=1 Discussion] page here, or if you have a wiki account, add/delete information in the knowledge base as required. Otherwise, feel free to email Andrew (andrew.lim@nus.edu.sg) or Justin (justin.lee@nus.edu.sg) with your feedback, comments or to get an account. Currently, issues across certain disabilities may not be as evenly represented as others - so please call them out and contribute what you know.</big>
 
== '''ISSUES THAT HAVE BEEN EXPLORED SO FAR''' ==
 
 
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Revision as of 08:38, 26 March 2020

31755427 1428079734005606 272634387827261440 o.jpg

WHAT IS THIS

This is a sub-page of the Disability landing page dedicated specifically to mapping out the range of diverse needs and related service / policy gaps of the disability sector.

Aims: To democratise knowledge production so that everyone can contribute information, discuss key issues and expand knowledge about unmet needs and ideas on how to address them. We hope this collective contribution will result in a more comprehensive, robust, and up-to-date knowledge base; generate productive dialogue that respects the diversity of views; and spur collaborative solutions.

Approach: The Institute of Policy Studies began with a basic environmental scan and literature review of key reports, research and news articles to take stock of available information. We subsequently experimented with wikithons to engage students and members of the public to populate the pages. Roundtable discussions with disability sector stakeholders were then organised so as to get feedback on whether the information collated was comprehensive or adequate, and more importantly, to deliberate on service and policy gaps--which are evaluative assessments that may not have easy consensus, and also depend on a sound understanding of what is causing those gaps. Disabled persons, caregivers, NGOs, policymakers and researchers participated in these sessions.

The basic logic involves contributing to:

  1. Needs: What are the broad categories and what are the specific needs that fall within them? How are these needs related to one another? (Needs Assessment)
  1. Resources & Assets: What existing services and resources are available to meet each of the specific needs identified? (Asset Mapping)
  2. Gaps: How adequately do existing services and resources meet those needs? Why do these gaps exist? (Gap Analysis)
  3. Ideas & Solutions: What specific solutions or ideas can address the causes of those gaps? (Ideation)

WHO CAN CONTRIBUTE

  • Anyone can contribute, as long as you have something relevant to share, you can populate the wiki pages with factual or referenced information.
  • This knowledge base has been consolidated by the collective efforts of a community of contributors. Unlike a formal report which is typically authored by one or a few experts, this knowledge base is the product of all who have an interest and stake in the issue, and take the trouble to contribute to it.
  • As a result, information may be missing or messy and will constantly be refined. Think of these pages as work in progress and if you see something missing, do not be disappointed; you now have an opportunity to contribute to that knowledge gap.
  • We also encourage you to participate in deliberating on more complex issues such as assessing gaps or studying what causes them. Deliberation is always ongoing and while some disputes about the information may be resolved, others are more contentious and may not find consensus soon, if at all. To do this, we should respect the diversity of views that are likely to come up, and be open mind to changing our own views in light of new information.
Disability comes in many types, forms and degrees. This page presents a broad overview of those issues and is not intended to be overly specific.

HOW TO CONTRIBUTE

  1. We have structured the knowledge base in terms of an overall Disability Sector Theory of Change (TOC) because many issues have relationships to one another. A TOC helps articulate how different domains of intervention are supposed to add up to achieve a desired social outcome, giving an overview of the key 'strategic thrusts' that the sector as a whole can undertake. Hence, each issue can be explored separately and specifically, but the TOC allows you to see how they are connected to other issues.
  2. Navigate these pages by starting with the big picture, then zoom in to specific areas of interest. Starting from the Disability Sector TOC (see below), click on individual areas of interest and you will be brought a page about those specific facets.
  3. Once you enter a specific page, contribute relevant information. If something looks amiss, take action. You will need a user account to add/edit/delete information in the wiki pages. Please email Andrew (andrew.lim@nus.edu.sg) to get an account. You make the call on what information counts as credible and for what purpose. Any information that this wiki contains at any particular time is a work-in-progress. Especially with contentious matters, due diligence should be done to check the sources that are cited. Inputs that are not cited may not be wrong, and likely require deeper investigation or communication between different parties to clarify.
  4. Ask if you are not sure. Use the Discussion page here if you want to raise questions about the design and architecture of the pages. Or, feel free to email Andrew (andrew.lim@nus.edu.sg) or Justin (justin.lee@nus.edu.sg) with your feedback or comments.

DISABILITY SECTOR THEORY OF CHANGE

Detection & Diagnosis Early Intervention Education Participation in Cultural Life, Recreation, Leisure and Sport Social Inclusion
Employment
Community Participation / Belonging
Caregiver Support Sexuality Transport Accessibility to Infrastructure and Information